•    Go with the Flow (aka Water Wall) 

    water wall


    Engineering Design Challenge!!

    Students will work as engineering design teams to create a path for water to flow down the wall without any leaks. Each team will design the path on a paper grid that is a scale model of the wall. Then they will purchase materials from their allotted budget and use a spreadsheet to do their calculations. Students will work cooperatively to build their prototype using the materials purchased. Teams will test and revise as needed. Teams’ success will be based on meeting the criteria of each challenge.

    Resources :  
    5 E's Lesson    

    Post Visit     

     arrow animated Aligned Standards

    Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) MCCRS- RELA & Math
      3-5-ETS1-1. Define a simple design problem reflecting a need or a want that includes specified criteria for success and constraints on materials, time, or cost.
      3-5-ETS1-2. Generate and compare multiple possible solutions to a problem based on how well each is likely to meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.
      3-5-ETS1-3. Plan and carry out fair tests in which variables are controlled and failure points are considered to identify aspects of a model or prototype that can be improved.


    ETS1.A: Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems

    • Possible solutions to a problem are limited by available materials and resources (constraints). The success of a designed solution is determined by considering the desired features of a solution (criteria). Different proposals for solutions can be compared on the basis of how well each one meets the specified criteria for success or how well each takes the constraints into account. (3-5-ETS1-1) 

    ETS1.B: Developing Possible Solutions

    • Research on a problem should be carried out before beginning to design a solution. Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions. (3-5-ETS1-2) 
    • At whatever stage, communicating with peers about proposed solutions is an important part of the design process, and shared ideas can lead to improved designs. (3-5-ETS1-2) 
    • Tests are often designed to identify failure points or difficulties, which suggest the elements of the design that need to be improved. (3-5-ETS1-3) 

    ETS1.C: Optimizing the Design Solution

    • Different solutions need to be tested in order to determine which of them best solves the problem, given the criteria and the constraints. (3-5-ETS1-3) 
     Nature of Science
    Scientific Knowledge is Based on Empirical Evidence
    • Science findings are based on recognizing patterns.
    • Scientists use tools and technologies to make accurate measurements and observations.

    Science is a Human Endeavor
    • Men and women from all cultures and backgrounds choose careers as scientists and engineers.
    • Most scientists and engineers work in teams.
    • Science affects everyday life.
    • Creativity and imagination are important to science.


    Common Core Math

    Mathematical Practices

    1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.

    2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.

    3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

    4. Model with mathematics.

    5. Use appropriate tools strategically.

    6. Attend to precision.

    7. Look for and make use of structure.

    8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

    Common Core RELA